2018: Numerical simulation to explore how the vibration generates non-zero mean flow in microscale!
“Numerical and Experimental Analyses of Three- Dimensional Unsteady Flow around a Micro-Pillar Subjected to Rotational Vibration”
Published in K. Kaneko, T. Osawa, Y. Kametani, T. Hayakawa, Y. Hasegawa and H. Suzuki, Micromachines, 9(12), 668, 2018.
The steady streaming (SS) phenomenon is gaining increased attention in the microfluidics community, because it can generate net mass flow from zero-mean vibration. We developed numerical simulation and experimental measurement tools to analyze this vibration-induced flow, which has been challenging due to its unsteady nature. The validity of these analysis methods is confirmed by comparing the three-dimensional (3D) flow field and the resulting particle trajectories induced around a cylindrical micro-pillar under circular vibration. In the numerical modeling, we directly solved the flow in the Lagrangian frame so that the substrate with a micro-pillar becomes stationary, and the results were converted to a stationary Eulerian frame to compare with the experimental results. The present approach enables us to avoid the introduction of a moving boundary or infinitesimal perturbation approximation. The flow field obtained by the micron-resolution particle image velocimetry (micro-PIV) measurement supported the three-dimensionality observed in the numerical results, which could be important for controlling the mass transport and manipulating particulate objects in microfluidic systems.
This work was done in collaboration with Prof. Hasegawa in IIS, the University of Tokyo and Prof. Hayakawa in Chuo University!